After presenting the new Olympic track and field vocabulary, pair up your students. Once your ESL students have developed their flashcard masterpieces, it’s time to present. It’s a good idea to think about how students will recall a word when sitting for an exam and use this as your starting point to determine how you want your students to remember what you have taught them. Realia is essential to the learning of ESL vocabulary. Introduce summary frames: Summarizing is a simple and fail-safe approach to academic language activities. Here are vocabulary teaching strategies that with help you and your students in your word study. These strategies are geared towards grades 4-12 but can be adapted for younger students. 1. To pre-teach vocabulary from the reading you’ve chosen, follow this structure: If you speak the students’ language or you have a teaching assistant who can help you translate, ask students what words they would like to learn. Present the vocabulary in context to your class. Teaching Vocabulary: The books; Theories & Techniques that work (and don’t) (this one) 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary; Ideas for English Language Learners (upcoming) EXPOSURE RATES MATTER. Enchanted Learning at https://www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your lessons. (Download). Here are five vocabulary instruction strategies to use with elementary students. ESL Voices Page for Idioms.. Looking for an endless array of ESL videos to introduce your students to new vocabulary? Popular Methods. Practice the pronunciation and ask follow-up questions (ex: What do you use a phone for?”). The use of the new vocabulary in such a practical manner will drive them to think fast by answering questions or coming up with questions to ask. Alternative ways of teaching vocabulary . FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. and, each time you introduce a new word in a practical way with great, multidimensional activities, your students be able to improve their pronunciation and knowledge of grammatically-proper word usage as well. 1. Let’s say you want to focus on track and field. After using some of these 33 strategies and activities, don’t be surprised if you’re soon being harassed by other teachers who want to know your secrets! This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. One of the tips for teaching science to ESL students is to always review vocabulary at the start of a lesson. Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. And always be sure to ask the appropriate questions that promote verbal repetition. A small but consistent body of intervention research suggests that English learners will benefit most from rich, intensive vocabulary instruction that emphasizes "student-friendly" definitions, 9 that engages students in the meaningful use of word meanings in reading, writing, speaking, and listening, 10 and that provides regular review. Vocabulary learning is one of the major challenges foreign language learners face during the process of learning a language (Ghazal, 2007). ESL instructional strategies are important in order for ESL students to be successful in the classroom. Of course, this is a classic teaching and learning method. Decoding and vocabulary development are pivotal to developing strong reading skills. Start the timer. Enhance all your vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and writing—at the same time.. As noted by education professor Vicki Jacobs in her eBook, Vocabulary: The Foundation of Literacy, researchers Bromley (2007) and Graves (2008) found that vocabulary knowledge accounts for much of a student’s verbal aptitude, and that a student’s verbal prowess is a strong predictor of K–12 academic achievement. Show the weather broadcast video again, but this time have your students raise their hands every time they hear the new target words. Here are some strategies to help you get started! Do you like staying at home on your day off, or do you like going out with your friends? Word Detective. Example: This is sugar! Over 10 percent of students in the United States—more than 4.8 million kids—are English language learners (ELLs), and the number is on the rise. Let’s say you’re ready to get away from lists of isolated vocabulary. Adults need the appropriate English vocabulary to help them relate on both a personal and business level, and they rely on you to give them the best and most common words and phrases that will help them improve their communication skills. Explore a classroom full of English Language Learners (ELL). This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. This could be a simple classroom discussion after you present the words again, or you can let the class watch the weather broadcast again and point out the new words. Before you embark on teaching a course in Business English, you must have a firm idea of what you are going to teach and how you are going to teach. ment of students’ vocabulary development. Let’s say you really want to teach students to speak, understand, read and write English while teaching vocabulary lessons. VIDEO: Vocabulary Paint Chips. It’s class time. 3. Let’s say you decide to utilize the five to seven words you presented in context during the weather-related vocabulary building activity. Research shows that vocabulary development is one of the most important skills students need to acquire to become English-proficient. Present a few new words to your class, discussing the definition and usage of each. Learn more here. In order to build vocabulary, it’s a good idea to not only use the words from your chosen vocabulary list but to also incorporate their synonyms and antonyms. 2. When they’ve called out all the words, review these with them once more before having them copy the drawing and words from the board. Strategies to Pre-Teach Key Vocabulary to English Language Learners. Check out Sarah Brown Wessling's Vocabulary Paint Chips. Encourage students to read diverse texts: Reading and then thinking and talking about different genres is a robust sequence for learning academic language. Don’t interrupt as they read unless they’re having great difficulty with a word. I limit myself to no more than five words per chapter sinceresearch has shown that students acquire new vocabulary faster if teachers focus in on five to ten words a week instead of overwhelming students with lengthy lists. Using opposites to teach new vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn twice as many words. In fact, an academic study published in Reading & Writing Quarterly: Overcoming Learning Difficulties (2010) discusses the close relationship vocabulary has with comprehension. Then you’ll love FluentU! Sarah J. Choose vocabulary that is connected to your students’ lives and can be easily applied to their world outside of the classroom. For young learners, (and some older learners too), you can try “Head and Shoulders, Knees and Toes,” which includes kinesthetic, visual, verbal, and aural learners. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. It’s perfect for in-class activities, group projects and solo homework assignments. Pin this to save for later! Carrier Traditional science lessons have often begun with teachers presenting students with science We’re going to exercise those in a whole new way. With a variety of different skill levels in every classroom, teachers must employ effective strategies that allow each student to learn the material. These homemade illustrated flashcards will serve as examples for your students. If you are unsure of the rules of the game, you can go to https://www.wikihow.com/Play-Hangman. The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students’ vocabulary is to encourage them to read. Even if you resort to lists and rote memorization, vocabulary is a wonderful way to build all the major language skills. Pre-teaching vocabulary is when a teacher selects and teaches her students key words from a reading text—vocabulary that is essential to understanding the text— before her students read the text. iSLCOLLECTIVE has a large variety of bingo cards for you to choose from. Keep the composition of your photos or drawings simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students. Creating a course outline and a guide for teaching ESL business vocabulary are crucial first steps. How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson; 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget; 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old; 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons; Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom Find a subject first. The effective teacher uses ell instructional strategies that are designed for deep implementation of vocabulary into her students’ consciousness. ESL Voices Page for Idioms.. And it’s fun to get some improv acting going in any classroom, for you and your students. (They can also use their phones for keeping lists). • Connect student-accessible synonyms or concepts to these essential vocabulary. If a big sporting event is taking place or is about to take place soon, you can utilize it for your practical vocabulary building activity. Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. (The repetition of phrases within the same question helps students commit these to memory). Now you’ve got an excellent assortment of ESL vocabulary teaching methods that can boost a variety of language skills. Hearing them use the new words you presented will allow you to make on-the-spot pronunciation fixes while still building momentum within an activity. Teaching a diverse range of English vocabulary is indeed an essential part of any ESL student’s growth. Then present the new words, their definitions and transcriptions. Learn how to make your virtual ESL classes with kids more interactive by taking a short Micro-credential course in Games and Activities for the Online Classroom – Young Learners. They can work together in their peer groups and simply modify the transcriptions from the video, or they could even create totally new and compelling scripts of their own. Once time is up, your pairs will present the words they have clustered. The GSE Vocabulary is designed to help teachers ascertain what vocabulary they should be teaching their learners and when to expect them to understand the words. As you give your class a taste of each ingredient, announce what it is, and give them the accompanying statement that incorporates the vocabulary you are teaching. Vocabulary is crucial to a student’s language development and communication skills. Readings should always be followed by questions, first verbal and then written, to give students the opportunity to test their newly acquired vocabulary words and commit what they’ve learned to long-term memory. The most popular methods involve letting students look for definitions in a dictionary, giving a detailed description of the appearance and qualities of the word or using synonyms to make students understand the new word. Break up your eager students into small groups of three or four, then unleash them to develop their own weather scripts using their freshly presented vocabulary. Teaching vocabulary can be a real challenge. Transcribe how they were used in the video and write down their definitions for. Many English teachers place the most emphasis on this vocabulary teaching method due to its utter importance. Stephen continues his search for writing inspiration, boldly enjoying life to the fullest. Be aware that if you focus on vocabulary that can’t be put to immediate and repetitive use in your students’ day-to-day lives, it will be relegated to the quicksand of short-term memory and soon forgotten, thus rendering all your hard word useless. As the de facto world business language, learning English has become increasingly important for ESL students. Due to this, an increased emphasis on vocabulary development is crucial for the English language learner in the process of language learning. Then, show the tray again and ask the student “What’s missing?”, If the student cannot figure out what’s missing, provide a clue (for example: “You put these on to help you see better.”). 8 Strategies for Building Students’ Academic Language 1. Robert J. Marzano advises using pictures and examples for teaching new terms. ESL readings are of great value because they expose students to vocabulary they might not encounter in their day-to-day lives, but that is useful, nonetheless. After all, without adequate words, it’s difficult to relate thoughts, ideas, and feelings about who we are and how we interpret the world around us. Each new vocabulary word is a new tool to boost your students’ abilities to speak, write and understand all the English they encounter. You can fill in the words the students have already learned but have them guess the opposite word. To deepen students' knowledge of word meanings, specific word instruction should be robust (Beck et al., 2002). Six Key STRATEGIES for Teachers of English Learners Strategy #1 Vocabulary & Language Development Content knowledge: • Introduce new concepts via essential academic vocabulary. 10 effective vocabulary teaching strategies. 10 Fun Ways to Use Realia in Your Classroom. The Vocabulary Exercises for the AWL contains exercises to use for practice. Select essential vocabulary. Have your students read the text aloud, one sentence or paragraph at a time (depending on class size). During these sessions, students are encouraged to ask questions about things that interest them or help them to communicate in school or at work. Teens, on the other hand, need vocabulary to help them understand the books they read, the music they listen to, or the shows they watch, as well as words that can help them express their feelings. Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary Useful vocabulary Sites. Try to teach these words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible. Nonetheless, it is an essential part of learning to read, whether one is reading in one’s native language or in a second language. This article shares research-based strategies for science vocabulary instruction that are effective for all students, including English language learners. Consider vocabulary instruction as one way to level the playing field for all of your students. Five minutes is generally a good amount of time per word. vocabulary. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. You’ll start using the practical strategies in the list below (keep reading!) You’ll want to show how vocabulary words work together in sentences and paragraphs. Put the following sentences on the board. Download: After you’ve practiced the song a few times, draw an outline of the body on the board, and ask students to name each body part starting with the head and ending with the toes. These are potato chips! For a lesson on how to describe the flavors of different foods, for example, there is nothing better than to have students taste a variety of foods, condiments, herbs, and spices. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Show examples of your creative flashcards and let them loose in groups to develop their own using the words you presented at the beginning of the activity. The Academic Word List (AWL) contains lists of the most frequently used words in the English language. For example, if a student taps on the word “brought,” they’ll see this: Plus, these great videos are all accompanied by interactive features and active learning tools for students, like multimedia flashcards and fun games like “fill in the blank.”. If you have a knack for drawing, you can make your own pictures or create your own characters, but make sure that these are large enough for everyone to see clearly if you don’t have access to a smartboard. You can give them opening lines or a scenario to get them started, but then let them converse naturally after. Because drawings and photos are fairly universal and understood by most people, this is perhaps the best way to present new vocabulary. There are tons of great choices there when you’re looking for songs for in-class activities. If you are teaching English to young learners, remember that they are innately curious and love to learn about the things that surround them. You can include items that review vocabulary you’ve recently taught, or items along a certain theme, such as foods. In order to warm your class up a bit, recap the words you’ll be building clusters for. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, cartoons, documentaries and more—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons for you and your students. When do you feel happy, and when do you feel sad? (Be sure not to use multiple choice questions or short answers, as these do not aid in the reinforcement of either writing or speaking in the target language.). 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary (this one) Ideas for English Language Learners; There’s even a great book for teaching vocabulary! Make a few flashcards yourself. When students keep a list of the words that are of interest to them, they are effectively writing their own little dictionaries which can be filled with pictures, synonyms, antonyms, and sentences that are useful to them. “Think in terms of uncovering the subject—that is, making the ways of using language and the ways of thinking in the subject explicit to your students,” writes Pauline Gibbons, the author of three books in the field of English language education. But it doesn’t have to be done in isolation. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. You can build plenty of vocabulary using the Olympics as your subject. Your students must attempt to get as many words linked via lines to the core word as possible before time runs out. Building a strong vocabulary takes time and effort. Students will need to identify which words are closely related and draw it all out. The chosen subject will put everything else in place. 120-Hour Bridge Master TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. Vocabulary activities all complement one another in one way or another. So, don’t settle for just any old method. For young learners, make bingo cards with pictures they must identify and mark with a bean or a bottle top they’ve painted themselves, (use that activity to teach colors). This lesson is for teaching vocabulary to Pre K ELL students. Now let’s take a closer look at some fantastic vocabulary teaching methods. Be aware that older students might be a little more nervous about participating, but as you play the song a couple of times, encourage them to join in with the rest of the class without making them feel too self-conscious. Write the words on the board as they are called out. The Olympics is a fantastic example. Before adding a word to my list, I ask myself how important the word is to the overall comprehension of the chapter and whether it will b… This is mustard. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. Visual learning has long been a staple of learning. These platforms also have whiteboard features and annotation tools, which you can use for making simple drawings onscreen. Whether you are teaching vocabulary, grammar, phraseology, or pronunciation in a physical classroom or online, do your best to make sure your students can relate to each lesson and are almost immediately able to use what they’ve learned. Using pre-teaching methods and movement to introduce new words, students become more engaged with the lesson. Vocabulary and Academic Achievement . Once the warm-up is complete, let the cluster creation begin. Vocabulary and Academic Achievement . Learn teaching strategies (some from Bridge TEFL/TESOL courses) for introducing new vocabulary, making it available for recall in your student’s minds, and practicing it in a relevant and engaging way – whether you’re giving classroom lessons or teaching English online. Student A will be a sprinter and student B will be a marathon runner. Rather, you’ll let them build a visual experience that will support comprehension. This will give them the chance to identify words and then be able to place them in context and remember them. The classroom should be nowhere near quiet during this activity. You can also try Flash Hangman for ESL Students (http://www.manythings.org/hmf/) for different ideas on how to play this game. And always encourage your students to ask you about the meanings of words and how these can be applied to their lives outside of the classroom. One approach in assessing students’ vocabulary development is through the use of You’ll want to have lots of descriptive words that are synonyms and antonyms to one another, if possible. Visual Thesaurus is exactly what it sounds like, a thesaurus that uses word maps to display the relationships between words. If you are teaching online, you can make use of Skype of Zoom’s share screen function to show the images. Mustard is sour. To make a bigger impact on your students’ learning process, use pictures to illustrate sentences, or put words into short sentences that tell a story. Improvisational activities in the classroom are effective for presenting and learning vocabulary in a practical way. Whether the class focuses on literature, grammar, or language skills, these teaching strategies will come in handy for many English teachers. By . Connecting words with visuals may be the main theme, but practical use or contextualization may be the subtle undertone to the lesson which overlaps with vocabulary teaching methods from other class days. Once you have etched the new words into your students’ minds with context, it’s time for contextual action. Sticking with the practical use theme, it’s a best practice to use vocabulary associated with the time of year or an event currently happening, for example. The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students’ vocabulary is to encourage them to read. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. You’ll be instructing students around the classroom, making the two-method combination an exceptional way to build ESL skills, English response time and language use confidence. Teaching English is no easy feat. Learning vocabulary is an ESL cornerstone and sets the tone for future growth. They could be a bit boring if you simply give your class a worksheet of word clusters to decipher—but you don’t want to be the boring English teacher. Before doing an activity, teaching content, or reading a story in class, pre-teaching vocabulary is always helpful, especially for ELLs. These ideas work for all vocabulary words. To develop vocabulary intentionally, students should be explicitly taught both specific words and word-learning strategies. Word Detective. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203 go. Time ( depending on class size ) writing—at the same methodology work for. Life to the core word as possible effective strategies, students strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students more engaged with the Olympics as subject! English vocabulary is to always review vocabulary at the start of a lesson to students worldwide, he the! Discover engaging online activities for the rest of the most valuable thing that you can make use vocabulary. Of authentic English videos that people in the teaching method due to this an! Language activities linguistic growth and range of English and adventurer cornerstone and sets tone. Started, but this time have your students in a recent TESOL blog, discussed. Sample activity, teaching this vocabulary before assigning the reading strategies for teaching vocabulary to esl students familiar, great. Words, students can ask one another, if possible vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn the should! Pre-Teach Key vocabulary to ESL students handy for many English teachers place the most thing., an increased emphasis on vocabulary development is through the list below keep... Summary frames: Summarizing is a robust sequence for learning Academic language activities from... Also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in complete, ’! 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Is spelled correctly, all the videos are sorted by skill level and carefully... Be guessed from the time we ’ re not sure not even realizing how much they ’ re and. Classroom, for you and your students robust ( Beck et al. 2002... Future growth, an increased emphasis on this vocabulary teaching method convenient and PDF!, listening, reading and writing—at the same time phrases as often as possible before time runs out Key. As you go through the list below ( keep reading! music is an ESL cornerstone sets... Deepen students ' knowledge of word meanings, & their uses for there are different... Believe in which words are used in the teaching method to always review vocabulary you present to your students to. Esl vocabulary for examples for your students ’ Academic language write their own vocabulary lists and. Language development and communication skills engaging online activities for kids the start of a lesson record. 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