Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Describe the therapeutic serum or plasma theophylline level and the toxic level. Disclaimer: These citations have been automatically generated based on the information we have and it may not be 100% accurate. Methylxanthines (nursing considerations: • Advise clients to avoid consuming caffeinated beverages (coffee, caffeinated colas). Narrow margin of safety & high risk of toxicity - SX: anorexia, N/V, restlessness, insomnia, seizures, dysrhythmias. Monitor BP if patient is also on antihypertensive treatment. The immediate nursing care of patients with asthma depends on the severity of symptoms. cAMP so bronchodilation -decr. Because of their methyl attachments, these agents are often referred to as methylxanthines. Methylxanthines -inhibits phosphodiesterase leads to incr. Contrast the therapeutic effects of leukotriene antagonists, glucocorticoids, cromolyn, antihistamines, and mucolytics for COPD and asthma. • Phenobarbital and phenytoin decrease theophylline levels. Reginald P. Sequeira, in Side Effects of Drugs Annual, 2009. METHYLXANTHINES PATIENT TEACHING? histamine release -stimulates ciliary transport of ... Drug Mechanism Use Side/Adverse Effects Nursing Implications Cromolyn Sodium (non-steroidal) INTAL -prevents influx of Ca into mast cells, therefore inhibiting degranulation and release of Methylxanthines are bronchodilators used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHYLXANTHINES NURSING IMPLICATIONS? Methylxanthines; Nursing Management. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Describe the side effects of beta 2-adrenergic agonists and methylxanthines. Specific xanthine agents. Although nursing considerations and implications are slightly different, most nursing resources and textbooks use them interchangeably. Theophylline is related chemically to the natural metabolite xanthine, which is a precursor of uric acid. Therefore, a calm approach is an important aspect of care. The patient and family are often frightened and anxious because of the patient’s dyspnea. IV Therapeutic Level: 10 - 20. METHYLXANTHINES EXPECTED OUTCOMES? Find patient medical information for Duoneb Inhalation on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Liver disease. Less frequent nocturnal asthma. Assessment & Drug Effects. Citation. Nursing Implications. Start studying MCC nursing 1355. Caffeine: (Major) Methylxanthines, through antagonism of adenosine and thus pharmacologic-induced coronary vasodilation, have been associated with false-negative results during dipyridamole-thallium 201 stress testing. 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