[26] A study of 84,000 women, over a period of 26 years, finds that those with the highest intake of unprocessed red meat have a 13% increased risk of CHD. Pork is one of the most popular forms of meat in the world. The healthiest red meats you can eat are those in their unprocessed form, ideally raised in a natural environment. Tags: Animal Meat, Sources of Red Meat, Types of Game Meat, Red Meat Fat, Is Turkey Red Meat, Too Much Red Meat, Beef Meat, Best Type of Meat, Red Meat Food, Types of White Meat, No Red Meat, Raw Red Meat, Red Meat Protein, Chicken vs Red Meat, Fatty Red Meat, Red Meat Dinners, Read Meat Animals, Red Meat Bad, Political Red Meat, Meat Cancer, [36], Red meat consumption has been associated with higher fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, which are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. These meats are red when they are raw. The red meat and white meat categories also include types of meat such as goat, duck, venison, and rabbit. [31] Red meat itself contains certain factors that, under certain conditions, produce carcinogens like N-nitroso compounds (NOCs). This type of trans fat is actually beneficial and not the same as the artificial trans fats resulting from hydrogenation and used in the food manufacturing industry. )[4] Some meats (lamb, pork) are classified differently by different writers. In the United States, beef is the most popular type of red meat. How is Red Meat Good For You? One analysis showed that processed red meat is linked to slightly higher mortality, mainly due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The benefits of selenium inside of red meat are also excellent for … [38], Cooking any meat at a high temperature or smoking meat produces carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds (PAHs) and heterocyclic amines (HCAs). Probably the most controversial red meat, veal has drawn its fair share of criticism. A precise definition is hard to come by. Your Selection Types Red Meat stock images are ready. [20] To enhance flavor or improve preservation meat is treated by salting, curing, fermentation, smoking, or other processes to create processed meat. [23] Put in perspective, in the UK, 56 out of 1000 people who eat the lowest amount of red meat will develop colorectal cancer (5.6%) while 66 out of 1000 high-red meat eaters will develop colorectal cancer (6.6%) (1.17 x 5.6 = 6.6). As part of a balanced diet, many types of meat are good for your health. What is the difference between red meat and white meat. One problem with red meat is that it is usually high in saturated fat. The National Pork Board has positioned it as "the other white meat", profiting from the ambiguity to suggest that pork has the nutritional properties of white meat, which is considered more healthful. Eating hot dogs, ham and other processed meat can cause colorectal cancer, and eating red meat "probably" can cause cancer, the World Health Organization's cancer agency reported Monday. [32], A 2016 literature review in Journal of Internal Medicine reported that for 100g or more per day of red meat consumed, the risk increased 11% for each of stroke and for breast cancer, 15% for cardiovascular mortality, 17% for colorectal cancer, and 19% for advanced prostate cancer.[24]. Red meat is a source of lipoic acid. The red meat category includes beef, pork, lamb, veal, goat, bison, venison and other game. Bison and deer are known to be lean red meat animals. The leanest cuts are the sirloin, rib chop, loin chop, and top round. "[25], Several studies have found a correlation between unprocessed red meat and the occurrence of CHD and certain types of stroke and have controlled for various confounding risk factors. A 2017 systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical research on stroke outcomes associated with meat consumption showed that total meat consumption, red meat consumption, and processed red meat consumption increased the risk of stroke by 18%, 11%, and 17%, respectively, while consuming white meat (chicken) reduced the risk of stroke by 13%. To use examples that we are familiar with, white meat is generally classified as poultry (chicken and turkey), while red meat typically refers to beef, pork, and lamb. [1][2] In culinary terms, only flesh from mammals or fowl (not fish) is classified as red or white. Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is another compound found in meat cooked at extremely high temperatures. Red meat contains small amounts of vitamin D.[14] Offal such as liver contains much higher quantities than other parts of the animal. Meats that are considered red meats are beef, pork and lamb. This is the muscle meat of cattle. So nutritionally speaking, beef, pork, venison, zebra, camel, kangaroo, deer, etc are red meats and most poultry items are white meat. October 2015. But this varies quite a bit. Understanding the health impact of red meat is difficult because it is not a uniform product, with effects varying based on fat content, processing and preparation. In another large study of more than 63,000 Chinese adults, researchers found a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in people who ate red meat and those who ate poultry with a higher heme iron content. I’m a chef & this is a good info. [5] Understanding the health impact of red meat is difficult because it is not a uniform product, with effects varying based on fat content, processing and preparation. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. These meats are red when they are raw. The idea that red meat is less healthful than white meat may be generally undisputed; multiple studies link red meat consumption to increased health risks including diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, weight gain, certain cancers and all-cause mortality. What counts as red and processed meat? Why is chicken meat white but ostrich meat red? [7] Some cuts of pork are considered white under the culinary definition, but all pork is considered red meat in nutritional studies. Pork is meat from pigs. Duck: Duck meat generally refers to the breast and legs of the bird, though the liver is also enjoyed … bacon, ham, salami, pepperoni, hot dogs, and some sausages) can be converted by the human body into nitrosamines that can be carcinogenic, causing mutation in the colorectal cell line, thereby causing tumorigenesis and eventually leading to cancer. The iron in red meat is particularly useful because it’s in a form called heme iron, which is more easily absorbed in the body than the non-heme iro… Smoking is a method of cooking that is low (in temperature) and slow (in time). [18], In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization (WHO) classified processed meat (bacon, ham, hot dogs, sausages) as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), based on "sufficient evidence in humans that the consumption of processed meat causes colorectal cancer. The same is true of beef, pork, and veal. [11] Consumption in the United States increased in 2018.[12]. [37] Daily consumption of 85 grams of red meat and 35 grams of processed red meat products by European and American consumers increased their risk of type 2 diabetes by 18-36%, while a diet of abstinence of red meat consuming whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and dairy was associated with an 81% reduced risk of diabetes. What is white meat, red meat and lean red meat? But what exactly is "red meat?" "[19], Most processed meat contains at least some red meat. The meat is cooked in the tin during manufacture along with various spices and preservatives, forming the infamous gelatin layer inside the can. [23], A 2016 literature review found that for the each additional 50g per day of processed meat (e.g., bacon, ham, hot dogs, sausages) consumed, the risk increased 4% for total prostate cancer, 8% for cancer mortality, 9% for breast cancer, 18% for colorectal cancer, 19% for pancreatic cancer, 13% for stroke, 24% for cardiovascular mortality and 32% for diabetes. However, you can also obtain lean cuts from more commonly consumed animals, for example, beef from cows. "[29], Another study in 2011 reported that for each additional 100g (up to a maximum of approximately 140g)[22] of red meat consumed per day, the risk of colorectal cancer increased by 17%; there also appeared to be increased risk of pancreatic cancer and prostate cancer but the association was not as clear. A 2017 literature review indicated there are numerous potential carcinogens of colorectal tissue in red meat, particularly those in processed red meat products, such as N-nitroso compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and heterocyclic amines. [40][41], Types of meat such as beef, goat, pork, or lamb with higher myoglogin content, Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Agency for Research on Cancer, "Color Confusion: Identifying Red Meat and White Meat", "Unprocessed Red Meat and Processed Meat Consumption: Dietary Guideline Recommendations From the Nutritional Recommendations (NutriRECS) Consortium", "Red Meats: Nutrient Contributions to the Diet", "USDA-Safety of Fresh Pork...from Farm to Table", "And This Little Piggy Is Now on the Menu", "USDA ERS - Per Capita Red Meat and Poultry Disappearance: Insights Into Its Steady Growth", "Natural vitamin D content in animal products", "Food Pyramids: What Should You Really Eat", "Meat consumption and mortality--results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition", "Q&A on the carcinogenicity of the consumption of red meat and processed meat", "Processed meat and colorectal cancer: a review of epidemiologic and experimental evidence", "Red and processed meat and colorectal cancer incidence: meta-analysis of prospective studies", "Carcinogenicity of consumption of red and processed meat", "Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis", "Red Meat Consumption: The Good and the Bad", "Unprocessed red and processed meats and risk of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes--an updated review of the evidence", "Diet and risk of Type II diabetes: the role of types of fat and carbohydrate", "Press release: IARC monographs evaluate consumption of red meat and processed meat", "Processed meat and cancer – what you need to know", "Red and processed meat intake is associated with higher gastric cancer risk: a meta-analysis of epidemiological observational studies", "Role of Total, Red, Processed, and White Meat Consumption in Stroke Incidence and Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies", "Total red meat intake of ≥0.5 servings/d does not negatively influence cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systemically searched meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials", "Red meat consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: 3 cohorts of US adults and an updated meta-analysis", "Consumption of meat is associated with higher fasting glucose and insulin concentrations regardless of glucose and insulin genetic risk scores: a meta-analysis of 50,345 Caucasians", "Food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies", "Chemicals in Meat Cooked at High Temperatures and Cancer Risk", "Marinades Reduce Heterocyclic Amines from Primitive Food Preparation Techniques", "Seer Stat Fact Sheets: Colon and Rectum Cancer", International Association for Research on Cancer, press release 240, 26. [20] Nitrates and nitrites found in processed meat (e.g. What are the criteria for a lean cut of red meat? However, different cuts of meat from the cow vary widely in fat content. Steak is probably the most famous red meat of all, and when it is cooked well, it is also one of the tastiest foods. Red meats tend to have more myoglobin than white meat. However, you can also obtain lean cuts from more commonly consumed animals, for example, beef from cows. This includes lamb, beef, pork and some others. Just make sure to skip the processed meat and these fatty cuts. [30], A meta-analysis in 2012 found an increased risk of gastric cancer with higher consumption of red or processed meat. [16], The health effects of red meat are unclear as of 2019. [28], In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization (WHO) classified red meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A), based on limited evidence that the consumption of red meat causes cancer in humans and strong mechanistic evidence supporting a carcinogenic effect. Poultry is a so-called "white meat" because it has less myoglobin. The most popular kinds of red meat are beef, lamb, and pork. Red meats are all meats that are red when raw, such as beef, pork and lamb. Horse meat is the culinary name for meat cut from a horse. [39] The subgroups of heterocyclic amines compounds are amino-dimethylimidazo-quinoxaline (MelQx), amino-dimethylimidazo-quinoxaline (DiMelQx), and amino-methyl-phenylimidazo-pyridine (PhIP), which are mostly formed when meat is cooked at high temperatures. Kurt Straif of the International Agency for Cancer Research said the risk of developing colorectal cancer from eating processed meat remains small but rises with the amount consumed. Controlling Reproduction Process. Thus, bacon is red/dark meat in nutritional terms and white meat in common term. Spam was a major source of protein for American soldiers on the front during World War II, as its very long shelf life and easy portability made it ideal for this purpose. (French: viandes noires — "dark meats". Poultry is white, as well as duck and goose. Red meat includes: beef ; lamb and mutton ; pork ; veal ; venison ; goat ; It does not include: chicken ; turkey ; duck ; goose ; game birds ; rabbit ; Processed meat refers to meat that has been preserved by smoking, curing, salting or adding preservatives. [15], In 2011, the USDA launched MyPlate, which did not distinguish between kinds of meat, but did recommend eating at least 8 oz (227 grams) of fish each week. Some examples of red meat include beef, bison, lamb, pork, and venison meat. [13] Red meat is a source of lipoic acid. Meats obtained from mammals with the red color prior to cooking are considered red meat because they contain more myoglobin. It’s most often made with beef, but can be made with lamb, wild game, and non-red meats like chicken or bacon. Red meat provides a small amount of naturally occurring trans fats in the form of trans-rumenic acid and trans-vaccenic acid. A: Lamb is a "red meat" because it’s high in myoglobin, a protein in muscle that turns red when combined with oxygen. What meat is good for uric acid, goat meat or sheep meat? White meat: Meats that are white when cooked are … This includes: sausages ; bacon ; ham ; deli meats such as salami ; pâtés Thinly sliced prosciutto is often served as a part of a meat board or tapas spread. Red meat contains large amounts of iron, creatine, minerals such as zinc and phosphorus, and B-vitamins: (niacin, vitamin B12, thiamin and riboflavin). Goat meat or goat's meat is the meat of the domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). Under the culinary definition, the meat from adult or "gamey" mammals (for example, beef, horse meat, mutton, venison, boar, hare) is red meat, while that from young mammals (rabbit, veal, lamb) is white. [24], In 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer concluded that red meat is probably (Group 2A) carcinogenic to humans. Lean red meat can be a source of healthy protein in a diabetes diet two or three times a week. [26], Unprocessed red meat intake is tentatively associated with an increased risk of type II diabetes, but the link is weaker and less certain than the link between processed red meat and diabetes. With the popularization of gourmet pizzas, prosciutto has become a trendy topping for pizzas. Why is chicken meat called white meat and beef red meat? [34] Factors associated with increased stroke risk from consuming red meat include saturated fats that increase levels of blood cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and heme iron, which may precipitate atherogenesis in cerebral arteries, leading to stroke. Let's see which are the characteristics of the main types of red meat: Beef or veal meat Hamburgers, ribs, or beef and veal steaks are probably the most representative examples of red meat. The top eight countries consume about 4.7 million horses a year. Red meat contains large amounts of iron, creatine, minerals such as zinc and phosphorus, and B-vitamins: (niacin, vitamin B 12, thiamin and riboflavin). The most popular type of white meat is poultry, with chicken coming out on top of the list of favorite meats. Is chicken breast a red meat or a white meat? [25] The review suggested that the "differences in salt and preservatives, rather than fats, might explain the higher risk of heart disease and diabetes seen with processed meats, but not with unprocessed red meats. TYPE OF RED MEAT 'TYPE OF RED MEAT' is a 13 letter phrase starting and ending with T Crossword clues for 'TYPE OF RED MEAT' Clue Answer; Type of red meat (4) LAMB: Young sheep (4) Petting zoo youngster (4) Essayist Charles (4) Meat often served with mint jelly (4) Sweet and innocent child (4) Mary's creature (4) [27] Other findings have suggested that the association may be due to saturated fat, trans fat and dietary cholesterol, rather than red meat per se. Red meat contains small amounts of vitamin D. The liver contains much higher quantities than other parts of the animal. The cooking process usually lasts for more than 30 minutes a pound, but it can be much longer—there are times when the meat can be in the smoker for up to 20 hours. [3][4] In nutritional science, red meat is defined as any meat that has more of the protein myoglobin than white meat. The rind or unsliceable ends of prosciutto can be diced and cooked into soups and stews for added flavor. The health effects of red meat are unclear as of 2019.[5]. > What is a list of red meats? Ham can also be additional preserved through by smoking, in which the meat is placed in a smokehouse (or equivalent) to be cured by the action of smoke. Meats that are considered red meats are beef, pork and lamb. Pork. It is a major meat in only a few countries, notably in Central Asia, but it forms a significant part of the culinary traditions of many others, from Europe to South America to Asia. Flesh of a cow, or wild boar young animals meats tend to have more myoglobin than meat. Replace these meats it recommends consuming fish, poultry, with chicken coming on. 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