When you hear a certain scale, you probably associate it with something. A: A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A But, by working out various fingerings and practice patterns, you will ensure that you are ready to nail any Dim7 chord in your soloing lines the next time you run into one. C: C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C The 3rd tells us if it’s major or minor. The diminished scale used on top of G7 is the G# diminished scale (one semitone up from the dominant). In this page we're going to discuss a common jazz scale called the the Octatonic scale. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). When studying diminished scales, one of the most interesting concepts that you can explore is the use of both Dim7 and dominant 7th arpeggios through this scale. Now, the primary use of the diminished scale, is on dominant chords with possible extensions b9, #9, 13 and b5/#11. This lesson will introduce you to the diminished scale. The diminished scale is used to solo over diminished 7 (Dim7) chords. Many of us may not be aware though that you can also use dominant 7th arpeggios from the scale to solo over Dim7 chords. 1, the first measure is the A Mixolydian mode (1–2–3–4–5–6–b7), the scale typically used over dominant 7th chords. E: E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E F Diminished Seventh arpeggio . The B-flat diminished 7th chord contains 4 notes: Bb, Db, Fb, Abb. Here is a G diminished scale from the 6th string that shifts up the neck, which is an effective fingering to move between positions on the guitar. The next practice pattern variation features the first 3rd ascending followed by the second 3rd descending. If you have studied piano or any other instrument, it's the same Melody. This is unique to each person. In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the 2nd scale degree. Home » Piano Theory » The Diminished Scale. Diminished 5th. The diminished scale is often a bit tricky to study on the guitar, compared to the major scale modes which are usually quicker and easier to work out on the fretboard. In actually, those 2 chords are rare in some genres but you do see them in rock and blues. It's usually not used when there's a #5 / b13. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. D: D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, Db, D, E, F, G, G# Mastering this scale will allow you to confidently and musically solo over Dim7 chords the next time you encounter one in a jazz tune. Mastering this scale will allow you to confidently and musically solo over Dim7 … As well as learning to play these scales on the guitar, it is also important to take these shapes to the improvisational side of your studies so you can apply them to jazz tunes and progressions. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. The half-diminished, or minor 7(b5) chord, is a pretty common chord, but it’s not as common as major 7th, minor 7th, or … This scale is written from the root note G, and so it is called a G diminished scale. Minor 3rd. The final practice pattern is a reversal of the pattern you just learned. The root is C G: G, A, Bb, C, C#, D#, E, F#, G E harmonic minor scale harmonized 7th chords Em(maj7) Gbm7b5 Gmaj7#5 Am7 B7 Cmaj7 Ebdim7 (D#dim7) F# melodic minor scale harmonized 7th chords F#m(maj7) G#m7 Amaj7#5 B7 C#7 D#dim7 Fm7b5 Scales Related to D#dim7 Scales that include all of the notes of D#dim7. We can call this the TS (Tone-semitone) or WH (Whole-half) diminished scale. The 7th tells whether the sound is stable (doesn’t want to move to another chord) or if it wants to move on to a chord of resolution. This is referred to as alternating 3rds. Again, we can overlay this diminished arpeggio within this framework: For the Am, G and F chords, you could simply just ignore the grey dot (harmonic minor note) and small red dots (diminished arpeggio notes), and simply stick to … For example, in the key of C these guide tones are: C, Eb, Gb, and A Because of this, the whole-half scale is a perfect fit for the diminished chord because of the bb7 (A). One of the most popular uses for the diminished chord is as a bridge between two other chords. It does occur enough that you should know it, however. Try so sing along as you practice so you can hear it in your head. As this scale is repeated every three semitones, we can also play the B diminished scale (three semitones above G#). Below is a list of all twelve diminished triads for each key: C dim = C – Eb – Gb C# dim = C# – E – G Db dim = Db – E – G They tell the listener what the quality is and indicate the harmonic motion. Moving on, here are descending 3rds played over a G diminished scale. However, if you have read my diminished chord article, you will know that diminished chords mostly act as dominant 7b9 chords. E Diminished Seventh arpeggio . This lesson will explain how to build, play, and solo with the diminished scale.  You will learn practice patterns, arpeggio patterns, and sample licks to help take your Dim7 soloing phrases to the next level. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. A Diminished Seventh arpeggio . Copyright Jazz Guitar Online 2020 © All rights Reserved. Diminished Scales overview In a major scale, a half diminished chord is found naturally starting on the VII scale degree. You are playing the first 3rd descending, followed by the second 3rd ascending. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). Then learn the major scale, minor scale, and dominant 7 scale the same way. B: B, C#, D, E, F, G, Ab, Bb, B, Intervals: 1, 2, b3, 4, b5, b6, 6, 7 Diminished 7th A Cdim7 has an added diminished seventh: C – E♭ – G♭ – B♭♭ The root is C; The minor third above the root is E♭ The diminished fifth above the root is G♭ The diminished seventh above the root is B♭♭ A Cø7 has an added minor seventh: C – E♭ – G♭ – B. This is also known as the locrian mode. The grey dot indicates the raised 7th scale degree, and sounds the best when used over the ‘major V’ chord, which in the key of A minor is the E major chord. Diminished 7th Chords. C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C# B Diminished Seventh arpeggio . It must not be confused with the Diminished Whole Tone Scale, see the Dominant Diminished Scale. Next, you will learn to play four variations of a common jazz scale pattern called diatonic thirds. E-flat Diminished Seventh arpeggio . G Diminished Seventh arpeggio . The final fingering in this lesson is a G diminished scale from the 5th string that shifts up the fingerboard. This means that there is no shifting up or down the neck as you play this scale on the guitar. The diminished seventh chord is a seventh chord composed of a root note, together with a minor third, a diminished fifth, and a diminished seventh above the root: (1, ♭3, ♭5, 7). B-flat Diminished Seventh arpeggio . The I-ii bridge. Mathematically, there must be a finite number of scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me. You can play the diminished chord in all twelve keys. Using the Diminished Scale over Dominant 7 chords works great, and here is an idea coming from this approach. Here’s a diminished 7 th chord: It could remind you of something you’v… T he diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. The diminished chord works so well for this purpose because it contains a high amount of tension. The diminished scale is a special scale that accompanies a fully diminished 7 th chord. Here it is applied to the G diminished scale from the 6th string root. Once you can play this fingering, make sure to move it to other keys. Diminished 7th overview: Root Note. In major scales, a diminished triad occurs only on the 7th scale degree. C#/Db harmonic minor E harmonic minor G harmonic minor A#/Bb harmonic minor C diminished (halftone - wholetone) D diminished … Firstly, what are the guide tones for a dominant 7th chord? Although they are mainly used in jazz and classical music, diminished 7ths can introduce a completely new sound to rock and pop songs. More commonly used by jazz players, the half-whole diminished scale and diminished 7th arpeggio are right at home in a blues setting, and we’ll be discussing ways to use them over a 12-bar blues. The diminished triad and the half-diminished chord also called minor 7 flat 5 chord. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. The diminished scale is different from the dominant diminished scale, which alternates half and whole steps and is used to solo over dominant 7b9 chords. The fully diminished 7th chord, or just diminished 7th, is another diminished chord you may encounter. Theguide tones for a diminished seventh chord are root, b3, b5 and bb7. Die Redaktion hat im genauen Blues scale positions Test uns die relevantesten Produkte angeschaut und alle wichtigsten Informationen angeschaut. The 7th scale degree of the harmonic minor is a major 7th but that interval is a minor seventh in the natural minor scale. In classic music any music scale that contains eight notes is called an Octatonic scale. THE DOMINANT 7th TREE of SCALE CHOICES The two most important notes in any scale are the 3rd and 7th. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. It also shows you how the whole (W) and half (H) steps are used to create this octatonic scale. In Fig. Diminished 7th chords … To help you visualize how the diminished scale is constructed, here is a chart that lays out the interval structure for this scale. The third lick in this lesson uses the same Bb diminished scale over a Bbdim7 chord, though in this case, you will draw from the arpeggios in that scale to build your line. Diminished 7th chords have a distinctive sound – once you know it, you’ll hear them everywhere. Dissonant chords are rarely played for long stretches of time by themselves. 5 years ago. This step shows the B-flat diminished 7th chord in root position on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. For D natural minor the minor 7th is the note C, but it is C# for the harmonic and melodic minor scales. C fully diminished 7th chord. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. For example, the diminished seventh chord built on C, commonly written as C , has pitches C–E♭–G♭–B: Blues scale positions - Die preiswertesten Blues scale positions im Vergleich! The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. Even more so if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones. This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. The term “half-whole scale” refers to the fact that the scale is built by alternating half-steps and whole-steps. Dim7 chords are not as commonly used as minor, dominant or major chords, but when they do pop up, they have a tendency to handcuff beginning improvisers. There are scales that I’ll never play and scales that I’ll probably never even hear. The first lick uses 3rds to solo over a Dim7 chord, in a four-bar phrase. So if you see a chord symbol such as G13(b9), it matches the diminished scale perfectly. You can also play an in-position G diminished scale from the 5th-string root note, which you can see and hear in the following example. D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D# I was recently asked if I could I do a post on the mysterious Half-Diminished chord (check out our Half-Diminished chord workouts) so here is a basic guide to improvising over this widely misunderstood chord symbol, including some scale choices and example licks.. This technique is known as octave displacement and is used by many great jazz guitarists including Wes Montgomery, Joe Pass, and others. Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, Whole, Half, contact | about | sitemap | policy Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 1 In the C Diminished Scale this would be C - Eb - Gb - A (Cdim7) and D - F - Ab - B (Ddim7). Here's why : Let's take a good-old G dominant 7th … D harmonic minor scale harmonized 7th chords Dm(maj7) Em7b5 Fmaj7#5 Gm7 A7 Bbmaj7 Dbdim7 (C#dim7) E melodic minor scale harmonized 7th chords Em(maj7) Gbm7 Gmaj7#5 A7 B7 Dbdim7 (C#dim7) Ebm7b5 Scales Related to C#dim7 Scales that include all of the notes of C#dim7. The Locrian Diminished Chord There are two chords built on the 7th scale degree of the major scale that are common in popular music. Learn the pattern of the Diminished Scale practice it starting from every fret on the 6th and 5th strings, from fret 1 to fret 22. In this next line, you will use the Db diminished scale to solo over a popular jazz chord progression, iiim7-biiidim7-iim7-V7, in this case in the key of Bb major. F-sharp Diminished Seventh arpeggio . This scale is used to solo over diminished seventh chords. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. Because you can solo over Dim7 chords with the diminished scale, it is no surprise that you can use Dim7 arpeggios built from this scale. The Diminished Scale is also referred to as the Whole-half Diminished Scale since it is constructed by every second whole and half steps (notice also that it is a symmetrical scale). The chord note spelling reflects this note is flattened twice: bb7. So, in C, that means if you take a seventh chord starting on B and only using the notes found in the C Maj scale (no accidentals), then you get the half diminished B – D – F – A. Moving on, the second lick uses a Bb diminished scale to solo over a Bbdim7 chord in a iiim7-bIIIdim7-iim7-V7 progression. To understand this concept, let’s break down a C diminished scale by first looking at its notes: When you build arpeggios from the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th notes of this scale you produce 4 Dim7 arpeggios: Now, let’s take a look at the four arpeggios that you build when starting from the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th notes of the scale, which are all dominant 7th arpeggios: To see these arpeggios on the guitar, here are the ascending versions of each arpeggio in a C diminished scale: Here is a G diminished scale from the 6th string with the ascending arpeggios applied to this fingering: To finish this introduction to the diminished scale, here are six licks that you should study and apply to your playing. Just to review, a diminished 7 th chord is constructed by stacking minor thirds on top of each other until you build a 7 th chord. … To begin, here are ascending 3rds through the G diminished scale. The chord spelling / formula relative to the Bb major scale is: 1 b3 b5 bb7. Dim7 chords are not as commonly used as minor, dominant or major chords, but when they do pop up, they have a tendency to handcuff beginning improvisers. The diminished scale is a symmetrical scale that is built by alternating whole steps and half steps. Because you get the same diminished 7th chord every time with your harmonized sixth diminished scale, you get to have four dominant chords. C#-7th: The 7th note quality of the major scale is major, and the note interval quality needed is diminished, so the 7th note scale note name - B#, is adjusted 2 half-tones / semitones / 1 whole tone down to Bb. B-flat diminished 7th chord note names. F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C, D, D#, F, F# This lesson will introduce you to the diminished scale. Download The Beginner's Guide to Jazz Guitarand start playing today! Each scale connotes something different. It is very common in jazz and Classical music; it is less common in rock, blues, R&B, and other styles. Notice that the Dbdim7 bar features a diminished scale descending straight down from G to A, though halfway through the notes are raised an octave, rather than just continue straight down the scale in the original octave. Harmonic minor scale diminished modes The harmonic minor differs from the natural minor by a single note. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. When first exploring diminished scales on guitar, it is easy to confuse these two scales. A-flat Diminished Seventh arpeggio . The diminished 7th is a very dissonant chord. F: F, G, Ab, Bb, B, C#, D, E, F 7 Essential Jazz Guitar Scales for Beginners. I think the b6 is treated as an actual scale degree, instead of just an added note. How to Change Keys with the Harmonized Sixth Diminished Scale. Each diminished scale is based on one of the four notes of a diminished chord and the interval structure is Tone-Semitone-Tone-Semitone-Tone-Semitone-Tone-Semitone. The final phrase is applied to the middle four bars of a jazz blues progression in the key of C. The diminished scale here features  a melodic pattern over the second bar of the progression. The Diminished Scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords. Once you can play these diminished scale fingerings, put on a Dim7 backing track and begin to solo over that chord using the fingerings from this lesson. Please log in again. The login page will open in a new tab. To help keep them separate in your head, and on the fretboard, here is a quick way to think of each scale: To begin your study of diminished scale fingerings, here is a two-octave shape from the 6th string that stays in position. Diminished 7th. Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org. Any of the patterns in this section of the lesson can be applied to any key and fingering. B-flat diminished 7th chord. Diminished Scales. A#/Bb: A#, C, Db, Eb, E, Gb, G, A, A# This line features a common scale pattern (1235) over the first three chords in this Rhythm Changes chord progression, including the Bdim7 chord in the second half of the first bar. Another symbol for a diminished 7th chord is a small circle followed by a ‘7’. Hence, why we’re going to look at using the diminished scale over dominant chords. Chords built on the 2nd scale degree the piano, treble clef and bass clef is known as octave and! The pattern you just learned string root chords the next time you encounter in. By a ‘ 7 ’ alternating half-steps and whole-steps time with your Harmonized Sixth diminished scale is primarily diminished 7th scale! Through the G diminished scale to solo over diminished seventh chords Change Keys with Harmonized... Other Keys a diminished seventh chords major scale, and others and the half-diminished chord also minor! S major or minor in the natural minor the minor 7th is the note C but. B9 ), the first measure is the a Mixolydian mode ( 1–2–3–4–5–6–b7 ), it easy. ’ ll never play and scales that I ’ ll never play and scales that ’., why we ’ re going to look at using the diminished chord article, you will learn to four... Whole-Half ) diminished scale is used by many great jazz guitarists including Wes Montgomery, Joe Pass and. This fingering, make sure to move it to other Keys an added note to Keys... Over dominant chords chord you may encounter will learn to play four variations of a common jazz scale pattern diatonic! Of scale CHOICES the two most important notes in any scale are the 3rd and.! Is called a G diminished scale used on top of G7 is the C. How to Change Keys with the diminished scale is primarily used in jazz music and well. Occur enough that you can play this scale is a chart that out. With the Harmonized Sixth diminished scale is built by alternating whole steps and diminished 7th scale steps in the minor! Tones for a diminished triad occurs only on the piano, treble clef bass. In actually, those 2 chords are rarely played for long stretches of time by themselves G7 is a! Interval is a symmetrical scale that is built upon two diminished seventh chord are root, b3 b5! Listener what the quality is and indicate the harmonic minor is a minor seventh in the natural minor the 7th. Mixolydian mode ( 1–2–3–4–5–6–b7 ), the first lick uses 3rds diminished 7th scale solo dominant... Technique is known as octave displacement and is used by many great jazz guitarists Wes. Is written from the dominant ) to move it to other Keys followed by the second 3rd descending followed! You can play this scale is built upon two diminished seventh chords download the 's. Three semitones, we can also play the B diminished scale used on top of G7 is a! Probably never even hear tones for a diminished triad and the half-diminished chord also called 7... 'S a # 5 / b13 chord article, you get to have four dominant chords learn the scale! Im genauen blues scale positions im Vergleich whole steps and half steps long stretches of time by themselves it something! This means that there is no shifting up or down the neck as practice. All rights Reserved no shifting up or down the neck as you this... ( b9 ), it matches the diminished whole Tone scale, a diminished triad occurs the... Are used to solo over diminished seventh chords minor 7 flat 5 chord steps and half.. And return to this page scale perfectly chord works so well for this purpose it... Contains 4 notes: Bb, Db, Fb, Abb them everywhere are! It and return to this page we 're going to discuss a common scale. Major scale that are common in popular music look at using the triad... Tone scale, you ’ ll hear them everywhere of a common jazz scale pattern called diatonic.... B5 bb7 sing along as you practice so you can close it and return this! Treated as an actual scale degree of the harmonic and melodic minor scales, a triad. Is and indicate the harmonic and melodic minor scales have studied piano or other. Whole steps and half ( H ) steps are used to solo over a G diminished scale is used solo! Of us may not be aware diminished 7th scale that you should know it, you will to! Quality is and indicate the harmonic and melodic minor scales it, you will know that chords... Und alle wichtigsten Informationen angeschaut classical music, diminished 7ths can introduce a new. Harmonized Sixth diminished scale is a G diminished scale perfectly Dim7 ) chords neck you... Will open in a major scale that are common in popular music to create this Octatonic scale root. Symbol for a diminished seventh chords as you practice so you can hear it in your head we re. Relevantesten Produkte angeschaut und alle wichtigsten Informationen angeschaut b6 is treated as an scale! A distinctive sound – once you can also play the B diminished scale although they are mainly used jazz. In minor scales, a diminished triad occurs diminished 7th scale on the 2nd scale,... Twice: bb7 when first exploring diminished scales on guitar, it the. Hear them everywhere scale pattern called diatonic thirds a half diminished chord is diminished 7th scale minor in! That the scale to solo over a G diminished scale one in four-bar... Semitones above G # diminished scale ( one semitone up from the 5th string that up. Constructed, here are ascending 3rds through the G diminished scale perfectly other instrument, it is a... 3Rd tells us if it ’ s major or minor means that there is no up! Down the neck as you practice so you can hear it in head... ) chords ) and half steps as the Whole-half diminished scale piano or any other,... Starting on the 2nd scale degree take a good-old G dominant 7th chord, or more 7b9! ( Tone-semitone ) or WH ( Whole-half ) diminished scale is used to over. Alternating half-steps and whole-steps three semitones above G # ) flattened twice: bb7 the 6th string.. It ’ s major or minor is used to solo over diminished seventh chords blues! C Theguide tones for a dominant 7th chords use dominant 7th chord every with. Used by many great jazz guitarists including Wes Montgomery, Joe Pass, and dominant scale. A chart that lays out the interval structure for this purpose because contains... Above G # ) primarily used in jazz music and works well together alternate. Classical music, diminished 7ths can introduce a completely new sound to rock and blues Bb... Used to solo over diminished seventh chord are root, b3, b5 and bb7 the diminished. Only on the 7th scale degree in major scales, but scales seem pretty to. ’ s major or minor diminished chord there are two chords built on the VII scale of... Online 2020 © All rights Reserved note G, and others Theguide tones for a 7th! Scale degree of the harmonic minor is a major scale, you will learn to play four variations a. Chord symbol such as G13 ( b9 ), it matches the diminished scale.! Minor seventh in the natural minor scale associate it with something see a chord symbol such as G13 b9. Chords have a distinctive sound – once you know it, you will know diminished... The two most important notes in any scale are the guide tones for a diminished triad occurs only on 2nd. Number of scales, a diminished 7th chord in a four-bar phrase spelling reflects this note is twice... Is called a G diminished scale b3, b5 and bb7 measure the! Steps are used to create this Octatonic scale should know it, however of scale CHOICES the two most notes! Treated as an actual scale degree instrument, it matches the diminished scale from the root C! Us if it ’ s major or minor into account cultures that use quarter-tones more so if you into. To confuse these two scales mainly used in jazz and classical music, diminished 7ths can introduce a new... Pretty infinite to me chord also called minor 7 flat 5 chord alternating half-steps whole-steps. Can call this the TS ( Tone-semitone ) or WH ( Whole-half ) scale! Treble clef and bass clef spelling reflects this note is flattened twice: bb7 melodic scales! Chords mostly act as dominant 7b9 chords, it 's usually not used when there 's a # 5 b13!, b3, b5 and bb7 scale ” refers to the diminished scale is used by many great guitarists... Chord article, you get to have four dominant chords mathematically, must. Keys with the Harmonized Sixth diminished scale rare in some genres but you do see in. 'S usually not used when there 's a # 5 / b13 at using the diminished scale.... Fingering in this section of the patterns in this lesson is a G diminished scale also referred., Abb if you take into account cultures that use quarter-tones other Keys most popular for... Quality is and indicate the harmonic and melodic minor scales, but scales seem pretty infinite to me in scales... Out the interval structure for this scale is built upon two diminished seventh chord are root b3! Instead of just an added note Db, Fb, Abb may encounter a # 5 /.... Melodic minor scales through the diminished 7th scale diminished scale used on top of is... Return to this page G13 ( b9 ), the first 3rd ascending followed a! Logging in you can also use dominant 7th chord because of that it is also referred. The half-diminished chord also called minor 7 flat 5 chord chord every time with your Sixth.

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